Thursday, November 22, 2007

Ancient Egyptian "Great Green" actually meant "middle sea", i.e. Mediterranean

The hapless Egyptologists' readings of Old Kingdom hieroglyphs in Egypt involving words having an Indo-European substratum remain a source of great vexation to this writer.

A typical example are the hieroglyphs which the Egyptologists read as

wdj-ur
or as
wadj wer

as the ancient Pharaonic name for the Mediterranean Sea.

The Egyptologists erroneously translate those hieroglyphs as
"The Great Green"
as the alleged Pharaonic name for the Mediterranean,

but of course,
that is a preposterous mistranslation of the Pharaonic hieroglyphs.

As Alessandra Nibbi, who passed away this January 15, 2007, pointed out
(in The Sea Peoples and Egypt, NOYES Press, Park Ridge, NJ, USA, 1975, ISBN-13: 9780815550419, ISBN: 0815550413)
this translation by Egyptologists is bound to be wrong since it is weakly based on a Semitic word for water attested only in the New Kingdom, whereas the hieroglyphs for the Mediterranean Sea already appear in Old Kingdom texts.

Nibbi recognized that the Egyptologists had made a critical error here and thus suggested that the Pharaonic term referred to the Nile Delta, which would deserve the "great green" appellation. She did not consider the possibility, however, that the translation "great green" was wrong per se (on its face).

In any case, although Nibbi's idea was also wrong, her idea was much better than what mainstream Egyptology was ludicrously claiming. As anyone who has ever been to the Mediterranean can attest, that sea is by no means green and the ancient Pharaohs would never have given it such a stupid name.

In fact, as I pointed out years ago to the Egyptologists on the now defunct ANE list, the readings
wdj-ur and wadj wer correspond to Baltic terms for the Mediterranean, with vid- viz. vidur meaning "middle" in both Lithuanian and Latvian (this compares to English mid- through v//m permutation) whereas jūra means "sea" in Latvian and vidus jūra (vid- jūra) is still used as the Latvian name for the Mediterranean Sea today.

Since the Baltic languages Lithuanian and Latvian are the most archaic still spoken Indo-European tongues, this word presents clear indication of an Indo-European stratum in Old Kingdom Pharaonic language.

Conclusion

wdj-ur viz. wadj wer
does not mean "great green"

rather
it means, as written, "middle sea",

i.e. medi-terra or,
as we still say today,

the Mediterranean Sea,

in Latvian (as an attestation of ancient Indo-European)
this is, even today,
Vidus Jūra
(=
wdj-ur ).

No vestige, no visible trace of a name "great green" for the Mediterranean is found anywhere except in the hopelessly fertile imaginations of the hapless Egyptology linguists who came up with that preposterous reading and who persist on keeping that reading in spite of not a shred of evidence to support it.

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